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ELECTRIC MOBILITY A HAZARD IN DISGUISE

 

INTRODUCTION:

Change is inevitable“, to support that statement people have started using electric vehicles for both day to day commuting and long-distance rides. And recently in INDIA 2 companies have got down into electric mobility business and they are the talk of the town. Let’s look at them in detail.

Ather Energy

This Bangalore based startup has come up with 2 electric scooter models namely

ATHER 450

ATHER 450X

 

Ather 450 is equipped with: Ather 450X is equipped with:
High capacity 2.4kWh lithium-ion battery pack 7” Touch screen
IP67 water and dust resistant Google Maps
Fast charging up to 80% at 1km/1min Range 85 km/h
0-40 kmph at 3.9 sec 3 GHz Snapdragon & Mobile App
Top speed- 80 kmph Reverse Mode

Range 55-75 km/h Top speed 80 Km/h

REVOLT MOTORS

The Revolt motors have gone a step ahead and have come up with 2 electric motorcycle models namely

REVOLT RV300

REVOLT RV400

REVOLT RV300 is equipped with: REVOLT RV400 is equipped with:
1500W motor power Max torque of 170 N0m
Charging time 4.2 Hrs Range 150 Km
Range 80-180 Km Charging time 3-4.5 Hrs
Top speed 25-65 Kmph 3000W motor power

In an effort to make the Earth a better place to live, automobile industries are going all-electric. So is this the future?

Well let’s see,

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE(ICE) VS ELECTRIC:

The main difference between an internal combustion vehicle and electric vehicles is the “lithium-ion” battery that the electric vehicle is equipped with to help it move. The engine of a vehicle can be made run by 2 ways, one is by Internal combustion-powered by petrol and another is electric powered by a lithium-ion battery.

The term internal combustion engine usually refers to an engine in which combustion is intermittent, such as the more familiar four-stroke and two-stroke piston engines that are commonly found.

C – crankshaft
E – exhaust camshaft
I –  inlet camshaft
P – piston
R – connecting rod
S – spark plug
V – valves. red: exhaust, blue: intake
W – cooling water jacket

(Source- Wikipedia)

Whereas, an electric motorcycle works essentially the same way a petrol-powered motorcycle works: it is propelled by an engine, and that engine requires fuel. The main difference is that the gas fuel in a conventional motorcycle is replaced by either batteries or fuel cells in an electric version.

 

lithium ion battery components

 

The main components of a lithium-ion battery are Cathode, Anode, Electrolyte, and separator. The recent increase in demand for lithium-ion batteries, the lithium mining industry is going boom now. Many mining industries are being heavily exploited to try to extract the largest amount of lithium from the Earth possible – but this is having major repercussions on the environment. Energy-intensive extraction techniques and unwanted contamination side-effects highlight why monitoring the mining industry is so crucial in today’s increasingly eco-conscious world.

CONCLUSION:

Since this extraction process contaminates the water bodies, a huge amount of fishes die due to the infusion of various chemicals in the water. It’s been estimated that it takes roughly around 500,000 gallons of water to produce just a single tonne of lithium. Instead, this water can be used in farming or raising livestock.

Another important part of lithium-ion battery is the “Cobalt” which is also called as the “blood diamond of batteries”, it is the costliest part of the battery and mining of Cobalt is not a simple task, it mostly violates the human rights of the workers working in Cobalt mining industries.

Well, that’s the technical aspect of problems caused by the increasing use of lithium-ion batteries. Now let’s look practically. Most of the electric motorcycle companies claim the true range of 60-80 km, which will not be enough for day-to-day commuting. Since the rider cannot be charging the battery regularly. If in case someone forgets to charge, that’s it he is doomed enough for the day.

And in some cases, you would have to take the battery out charge it and then place it again, which will not be possible for all unless you have a well-built body since the battery will easily weigh around 18kgs. Even if the manufacturer promises to bring up charging hubs all around the city, I don’t think each and every city in a state will be given equal importance.

Moreover, sometimes you require a 5A socket to charge your vehicle, which will not be possible all the time. Thus, switching to electric can be cost-effective than an internal combustion vehicle, but still, it will be too early to get hands-on one, since charging the batteries is still not as easy as refueling a motorcycle. So it is better to wait for some more time. And also using lithium-ion batteries will not be the future trend, as it affects the environment in a lot of ways.

Hence, coming up with an alternative will be a better option than depending only upon lithium-ion batteries.

FAQs

How Much Does It Cost To Own An Electric Motorcycle?

In India, it would cost around 1,00,000 to 1,40,000.

How Fast Can They Go?

They can go up to 85 kmph.

How Long Do They Take To Charge?

They would easily take around 3-5 hrs to fully charge.

What Lifespan Does the Battery’s Have?

In general, with regular use, an electric bike battery becomes less efficient after 3 to 5 years. They tend to become widespread and may hold up to 1000 charge cycles.

What Does It Feel Like To Drive An Electric Bike?

Most of the electric motorcycles will be very silent, but the Revolt motors have fitted speakers at the bottom of their motorcycles, through which you can play 4 different motorcycle sounds, which can be customized through the mobile app.

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